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Wicklow Mountains National Park

Flora

The flora composition of the Park and Ireland can be traced back 10,000 years to the end of the Ice Age. As the climate changed and became warmer, the huge ice sheets covering the country gradually melted. As a result, sea level rose and Ireland became an island, separate from Britain and mainland Europe. This isolation of Ireland effectively restricted any further natural migration of plants to this country, and left us with over 10,000 different species of flowering plants and ferns. Over subsequent years, human activities have caused about 300 more species of flowering plants to become naturalised. Some of these non-natives arrived here accidentally, possibly in the manure of imported livestock or mixed up in the seed of imported cereals and foodstuffs. Many others were brought here as attractive garden specimens, and have since managed to escape and thrive in the wild.

Down through the years botanists have identified and recorded more than 800 different plant species in County Wicklow. This diversity includes many rare species and is due to the varied landscape within the area. The Park consists of 17,000 hectares of assorted habitats, from mountains to blanket bog and upland heath, broadleaved woodland, conifer plantations, lakes, rivers and streams. Each of these habitats contains specific communities of plants, which have evolved and adapted to the conditions within the habitat. To learn more about the habitats and their associated flora see our habitat pages.

The table below has a listing of some of the flora of the Park seperated into the following categories:




EnglishIrishLatin
Ferns
Lanceolate Spleenwort..»Fionncha LansachAsplenium obovatum
Hard FernRaithneach ChruaBlechnum spicant
Parsley Fern..»Raithneach ChasCryptogramma crispa
Brittle Bladder FernRaithneach BhrioscCystopteris fragilis
Narrow Buckler FernRaithneach ChaolDryopteris carthusiana
Wilson's Filmy FernRaithneach Shreabhnach WilsonHymenophyllum wilsonii
Beech FernRaithneach FeáPhegopteris connectillis
Harts Tongue FernCreamh na Muice FiaPhyllitis scolopendrium
Polypody FernScim choiteannPolypodium vulgare
Bracken..»Raithneach mhórPteridium aquilinum
Grasses, Sedges & Rushes
BentsBeinteachAgrostis spp.
Green-ribbed SedgeCíb FhéithghlasCarex binervis
Star SedgeCíb RéaltaCarex echinata
Bottle SedgeCíb ghobachCarex rostrata
Common SedgeCíb ChoiteannDeschampsia flexuoasa
Wavy-haired GrassGiobfhéarDeschampsia flexuosa
Common Cotton-grass/
Manyheaded Bog Cotton
Ceannbhán CaolduilleachEriophorum angustifolium
Hare's tail Cotton-grassCeannbhán GaelachEriophorum vaginatum
Sharp-flowered RushLuachair BhláthghéarJuncus acutiflorus
Bulbous RushLuachair BhleibeachJuncus bulbosus
Compact RushLuachair DhlúthJuncus conglomeratus
Soft RushLuachair BhogJuncus effusus
Heath RushLuachair ChaoráinJuncus squarrosus
Great Wood-RushOllghiúnachLuzula campestris
WoodrushGiúnachLuzula sylvatica
Purple Moor-grassFionnánMolinia caerulea
Mat GrassFiteogNardus stricta
Common ReedGiolcachPhragmites australis
White-beaked SedgeGobsheiscRhynchospora alba
Black Bog RushSifínSchoenus nigricans
Deer-grassCíb CheannghealTrichophorum cespitosum
Herbs
Alpine Lady's Mantle..»Dearna Mhuire AlpachAlchemilla alpine
Wood AnemoneLus na GaoitheAnemone nemorosa
HarebellMéaracán GormCampanula rotundifolia
Heath OrchidNuacht Bhallach an Chaoráin Dactylorhiza maculata
FoxgloveLus MórDigitalis purpurea
SundewDrúchtín MónaDrosera spp.
Rose-bay WillowherbSaileachán FrancachEpilobium angustifolium
Common Marsh-bedstrawRú CorraighGalium palustre
Herb RobertRuithéal RíGeranium robertianum
Bog Orchid..»Magairlín na MónaHammarbya paludosa
BluebellCoinnle CorraHyacinthoides non-scripta
Lesser TwaybladeDédhuilleog BheagListera cordata
ShoreweedLus an ChladaighLittorella uniflora
Water LobeliaPlúr an LócháinLobelia dortmanna
Yellow Cow-wheatLus an tSagairtMelampyrum pratense var montanum
Bog AsphodelSciollam Na MónaNarthecium ossifragum
White Water-lilyDuilleog Bháite BhánNymphaea lutea
Ivy BroomrapeMúchóg MhórOrobanche hederae
Greater Broomrape..»MúchógOrobranche rapum-genistae
Wood SorrelSeamsógOxalis acetosella
Lesser ButterwortBodán MeascáinPinguicula vulgaris
Heath MilkwortNa DeirfiúiríníPolygada serpyllifolia
Broad-leaved PondweedDuileasc Abhann LeathanPotamogeton natans
Small White Orchid..»Magairlín BánPseudorchis albida
Meadow Buttercup Fearbán LéanaRanunculus acris
Lesser CelandineGrán ArcáinRanunculus ficaria
Lesser Spearwort Glasair Léana BheagRanunculus flammula
Creeping Buttercup ..»FearbánRanunculus repens
RoserootLus na LaochRhodiola rosea
Alpine Saw-wort..»Sábhlus AlpachSausserea alpina
Mossy SaxifrageMionán CaonaighSaxifraga hypnoides
St. Patrick's CabbageCabáiste an Mhadra RuaSaxifraga spathularis
Starry SaxifrageMórán RéaltachSaxifraga stellaris
Biting StonecropGrafán na gClochSedum acre
Greater StitchwortTursarraing MhórStellaria holostea
Devil's-bit ScabiousOdhrach BhallachSuccisa pratensis
Germander Speedwell..»Lus Cré TalúnVeronica chamaedrys
Heath Speedwelllus Cré CoiteannVeronica officinalis
Marsh VioletSailchuach ChorraighViola palustris
Common Dog VioletSailchuach ChonViola riviniana
Shrubs
Bog RosemaryAndraiméidAndromeda polifolia
Ling/HeatherFraoch CoiteannCalluna vulgaris
CrowberryLus na FeannóigeEmpetrum nigrum
Bell Heather..»Fraoch CloigíneachErica cinerea
Cross-leaved HeathFraoch NaoscaíErica tetralix
IvyEidhneánHedera helix
HoneysuckleFéithleannLonicera periclymenum
Bog MyrtleRaideogMyrica gale
Cherry LaurelLabhras SilíníPrunus laurocerasus
RhododendronRódaidéandrónRhododendron ponticum
Dog RoseFeirdhrisRosa canina
BrambleDrisRubus fruticosus
Stone BrambleDris na gClochRubus saxatilis
Bilberry/FraughanTom FraochánVaccinium myrtillus
CranberryTom MónógVaccinium oxycoccos
CowberryBódhearcVaccinium vitis-idaea
Trees
AlderFearnógAlnus glutinosa
Silver BirchBeith GhealBetula pendula
Downy BirchBeith Chlúmhach Betula pubescens
HazelCollCorylus avellana
HawthornSceach GhealCrataegus monogyna
BeechFeáFagus sylvatica
HollyCuileannIlex aquifolium
European LarchLearóg EorpachLarix decidua
Sitka SpruceSprús SitceachPicea sitchensis
Lodgepole PinePéine Contórtach Pinus contorta var. latifolia
Scot's PinePéine AlbanachPinus sylvestris
AspenCrann CreathachPopulus tremula
Wild CherrySilínPrunus avium
BlackthornRamh-dhraigheanPrunus spinosa
Douglas FirGiúis DhúghlaisPseudotsuga mensziesii
Sessile OakDair NeamhghasánachQuercus petraea
Dwarf WillowCamshaileogSalix herbacea
WillowSaileachSalix spp.
RowanCaorthannSorbus aucuparia
YewIúrTaxus baccata
Other Flora
Bearded LichenLéicean Meigeallach Usnea (spp.)
Alpine ClubmossGarbhógach AlpachDisphasiastrum alpinum
Fir ClubmossAiteann MuireHupersia selago
HorsetailEireaball CapaillEquisetum spp.
QuillwortLus an ChleiteIsoetes lacustris
Marsh Clubmoss..»Garbhógach ChorraighLycopodiella inundata
Stag's-horn ClubmossGarbhógach na mBeannLycopodium clavatum
Bog MossesFionnmhóinteSphagnum spp.