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Wicklow Mountains National Park

Flora

The flora composition of the Park and Ireland can be traced back 10,000 years to the end of the Ice Age. As the climate changed and became warmer, the huge ice sheets covering the country gradually melted. As a result, sea level rose and Ireland became an island, separate from Britain and mainland Europe. This isolation of Ireland effectively restricted any further natural migration of plants to this country, and left us with over 10,000 different species of flowering plants and ferns. Over subsequent years, human activities have caused about 300 more species of flowering plants to become naturalised. Some of these non-natives arrived here accidentally, possibly in the manure of imported livestock or mixed up in the seed of imported cereals and foodstuffs. Many others were brought here as attractive garden specimens, and have since managed to escape and thrive in the wild.

Down through the years botanists have identified and recorded more than 800 different plant species in County Wicklow. This diversity includes many rare species and is due to the varied landscape within the area. The Park consists of 17,000 hectares of assorted habitats, from mountains to blanket bog and upland heath, broadleaved woodland, conifer plantations, lakes, rivers and streams. Each of these habitats contains specific communities of plants, which have evolved and adapted to the conditions within the habitat. To learn more about the habitats and their associated flora see our habitat pages.

The table below has a listing of some of the flora of the Park seperated into the following categories:




EnglishIrishLatin
Ferns
Lanceolate Spleenwort..»Fionncha LansachAsplenium obovatum
Hard FernRaithneach ChruaBlechnum spicant
Parsley Fern..»Raithneach ChasCryptogramma crispa
Brittle Bladder FernRaithneach BhrioscCystopteris fragilis
Narrow Buckler FernRaithneach ChaolDryopteris carthusiana
Wilson's Filmy FernRaithneach Shreabhnach WilsonHymenophyllum wilsonii
Beech FernRaithneach Fe�Phegopteris connectillis
Harts Tongue FernCreamh na Muice FiaPhyllitis scolopendrium
Polypody FernScim choiteannPolypodium vulgare
Bracken..»Raithneach mh�rPteridium aquilinum
Grasses, Sedges & Rushes
BentsBeinteachAgrostis spp.
Green-ribbed SedgeC�b Fh�ithghlasCarex binervis
Star SedgeC�b R�altaCarex echinata
Bottle SedgeC�b ghobachCarex rostrata
Common SedgeC�b ChoiteannDeschampsia flexuoasa
Wavy-haired GrassGiobfh�arDeschampsia flexuosa
Common Cotton-grass/
Manyheaded Bog Cotton
Ceannbh�n CaolduilleachEriophorum angustifolium
Hare's tail Cotton-grassCeannbh�n GaelachEriophorum vaginatum
Sharp-flowered RushLuachair Bhl�thgh�arJuncus acutiflorus
Bulbous RushLuachair BhleibeachJuncus bulbosus
Compact RushLuachair Dhl�thJuncus conglomeratus
Soft RushLuachair BhogJuncus effusus
Heath RushLuachair Chaor�inJuncus squarrosus
Great Wood-RushOllghi�nachLuzula campestris
WoodrushGi�nachLuzula sylvatica
Purple Moor-grassFionn�nMolinia caerulea
Mat GrassFiteogNardus stricta
Common ReedGiolcachPhragmites australis
White-beaked SedgeGobsheiscRhynchospora alba
Black Bog RushSif�nSchoenus nigricans
Deer-grassC�b CheannghealTrichophorum cespitosum
Herbs
Alpine Lady's Mantle..»Dearna Mhuire AlpachAlchemilla alpine
Wood AnemoneLus na GaoitheAnemone nemorosa
HarebellM�arac�n GormCampanula rotundifolia
Heath OrchidNuacht Bhallach an Chaor�in Dactylorhiza maculata
FoxgloveLus M�rDigitalis purpurea
SundewDr�cht�n M�naDrosera spp.
Rose-bay WillowherbSaileach�n FrancachEpilobium angustifolium
Common Marsh-bedstrawR� CorraighGalium palustre
Herb RobertRuith�al R�Geranium robertianum
Bog Orchid..»Magairl�n na M�naHammarbya paludosa
BluebellCoinnle CorraHyacinthoides non-scripta
Lesser TwaybladeD�dhuilleog BheagListera cordata
ShoreweedLus an ChladaighLittorella uniflora
Water LobeliaPl�r an L�ch�inLobelia dortmanna
Yellow Cow-wheatLus an tSagairtMelampyrum pratense var montanum
Bog AsphodelSciollam Na M�naNarthecium ossifragum
White Water-lilyDuilleog Bh�ite Bh�nNymphaea lutea
Ivy BroomrapeM�ch�g Mh�rOrobanche hederae
Greater Broomrape..»M�ch�gOrobranche rapum-genistae
Wood SorrelSeams�gOxalis acetosella
Lesser ButterwortBod�n Measc�inPinguicula vulgaris
Heath MilkwortNa Deirfi�ir�n�Polygada serpyllifolia
Broad-leaved PondweedDuileasc Abhann LeathanPotamogeton natans
Small White Orchid..»Magairl�n B�nPseudorchis albida
Meadow Buttercup Fearb�n L�anaRanunculus acris
Lesser CelandineGr�n Arc�inRanunculus ficaria
Lesser Spearwort Glasair L�ana BheagRanunculus flammula
Creeping Buttercup ..»Fearb�nRanunculus repens
RoserootLus na LaochRhodiola rosea
Alpine Saw-wort..»S�bhlus AlpachSausserea alpina
Mossy SaxifrageMion�n CaonaighSaxifraga hypnoides
St. Patrick's CabbageCab�iste an Mhadra RuaSaxifraga spathularis
Starry SaxifrageM�r�n R�altachSaxifraga stellaris
Biting StonecropGraf�n na gClochSedum acre
Greater StitchwortTursarraing Mh�rStellaria holostea
Devil's-bit ScabiousOdhrach BhallachSuccisa pratensis
Germander Speedwell..»Lus Cr� Tal�nVeronica chamaedrys
Heath Speedwelllus Cr� CoiteannVeronica officinalis
Marsh VioletSailchuach ChorraighViola palustris
Common Dog VioletSailchuach ChonViola riviniana
Shrubs
Bog RosemaryAndraim�idAndromeda polifolia
Ling/HeatherFraoch CoiteannCalluna vulgaris
CrowberryLus na Feann�igeEmpetrum nigrum
Bell Heather..»Fraoch Cloig�neachErica cinerea
Cross-leaved HeathFraoch Naosca�Erica tetralix
IvyEidhne�nHedera helix
HoneysuckleF�ithleannLonicera periclymenum
Bog MyrtleRaideogMyrica gale
Cherry LaurelLabhras Sil�n�Prunus laurocerasus
RhododendronR�daid�andr�nRhododendron ponticum
Dog RoseFeirdhrisRosa canina
BrambleDrisRubus fruticosus
Stone BrambleDris na gClochRubus saxatilis
Bilberry/FraughanTom Fraoch�nVaccinium myrtillus
CranberryTom M�n�gVaccinium oxycoccos
CowberryB�dhearcVaccinium vitis-idaea
Trees
AlderFearn�gAlnus glutinosa
Silver BirchBeith GhealBetula pendula
Downy BirchBeith Chl�mhach Betula pubescens
HazelCollCorylus avellana
HawthornSceach GhealCrataegus monogyna
BeechFe�Fagus sylvatica
HollyCuileannIlex aquifolium
European LarchLear�g EorpachLarix decidua
Sitka SpruceSpr�s SitceachPicea sitchensis
Lodgepole PineP�ine Cont�rtach Pinus contorta var. latifolia
Scot's PineP�ine AlbanachPinus sylvestris
AspenCrann CreathachPopulus tremula
Wild CherrySil�nPrunus avium
BlackthornRamh-dhraigheanPrunus spinosa
Douglas FirGi�is Dh�ghlaisPseudotsuga mensziesii
Sessile OakDair Neamhghas�nachQuercus petraea
Dwarf WillowCamshaileogSalix herbacea
WillowSaileachSalix spp.
RowanCaorthannSorbus aucuparia
YewI�rTaxus baccata
Other Flora
Bearded LichenL�icean Meigeallach Usnea (spp.)
Alpine ClubmossGarbh�gach AlpachDisphasiastrum alpinum
Fir ClubmossAiteann MuireHupersia selago
HorsetailEireaball CapaillEquisetum spp.
QuillwortLus an ChleiteIsoetes lacustris
Marsh Clubmoss..»Garbh�gach ChorraighLycopodiella inundata
Stag's-horn ClubmossGarbh�gach na mBeannLycopodium clavatum
Bog MossesFionnmh�inteSphagnum spp.