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Wicklow Mountains National Park

Natural History

The primary purpose of the Park is to conserve the natural flora and fauna of the Wicklow Mountains. The Park consists primarily of heath and bog cloaked uplands along with woodland in the river valleys. The rounded granite mountains forged some 500 million years ago now support a wide diversity of wildlife, some common, some threatened.


Geology..» How the Wicklow Mountains were formed and the types of rock you will find here.

Habitats..» The different habitats in the Park which include deciduous and coniferous woodland, blanket bog, heath, corrie lakes, rivers, rocky areas and scree.

Threatened Species..» The different species of animal and plant within the Park which require special protection and monitoring.

Birds..» Introduction to and listing of the over 100 species of bird recorded in the Park.

Mammals..» An introduction to and listing of the mammals found in the Park.

Amphibians..» The Common Frog and the Smooth Newt, the two species of amphibian in the Park.

Reptiles..» The Common Lizard, the only reptile in the Park.

Flora..» The types of plants found in the Park organised by the habitat they are found in.

Invertebrates..» The diverse types of bugs that can be found in the Park.