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Wicklow Mountains National Park

Threatened Plants


There are eight plants recorded in the Park which are considered at risk. They are listed below along with their status according to the Red Data Book and also if the plant is protected under the Flora Protection Order 1999.

Lanceolate Spleenwort, Fionncha Lansach
(Asplenium obovatum)

Red Data Book:Vulnerable
Flora Protection Order:Yes

A small fern that grows on banks and walls near the south and east coasts. It has been recorded at 12 sites nationwide, but only at three since 1970, two of which are in Wicklow.

Parsley Fern, Raithneach Chas
(Cryptogamma crispa)

Red Data Book: Rare
Flora Protection Order: Yes

This fern grows in rocky and stony places in mountainous areas of the north and east of the country. There have been nine records in the past, but only three recent ones.

Small White Orchid, Magairl�n B�n
(Pseudorchis albida)

Red Data Book: Vulnerable
Flora Protection Order: Yes

This orchid grows in upland pastures and heaths. In the past it was recorded in 23 counties, however, only seven records are post 1970.

Bog Orchid, Magairl�n na M�na
(Hammarbya paludosa)

Red Data Book: Rare/Vulnerable
Flora Protection Order: Yes

This orchid grows in wet bogs, on tufts of Sphagnum moss. The species has suffered a decline and Curtis & McGough (1985) considered it to be one of the two most threatened European vascular plants found in Ireland.

Alpine Lady's Mantle, Dearna Mhuire Alpach
(Alchemilla alpina)

Red Data Book: Rare
Flora Protection Order: No

This plant is found on mountain cliffs in Wicklow and Kerry. It has been recorded at three Irish sites and one of these is within the Park.

Marsh Clubmoss, Garbh�gach Chorraigh
(Lepidotis mundata)

Red Data Book: Rare
Flora Protection Order: No

This moss has been recorded at 22 Irish sites, but only eight since 1970. It was last recorded in the Park area in 1920.

Greater Broomrape, M�ch�g
(Orobanche rapum-genistae)

Red Data Book: Rare
Flora Protection Order: No

A species that parasitises the roots of Gorse and Broom. It was once frequent near the south and east coasts, however, it is now very rare. It has been recorded in seven sites since 1970 and two of these are in Wicklow.

Alpine Saw Wort, S�bhlus Alpach
(Sausserea alpina)

Red Data Book: Rare
Flora Protection Order: No

An alpine species that grows on mountain ledges and cliffs above 300m, mainly in the western half of the country. It has only been recorded in 10 Irish sites since 1970.

Note: If you should see any of the above elusive plants, do not pick them. Please notify a Park ranger of their exact location.



Red Data Book Classifications

Vulnerable - Most or all populations decreasing or populations seriously depleted or under threat from several factors.

Rare - Small populations that are not at present endangered or vulnerable, but are at risk.



Threatened plants
Threatened Irish Wildlife leaflet on wild plants. Available in the Upper Lake Information Office.
Price €0.50

Flora Protection Order

For a full list of the plants protected under the most recent Order see Statutory Instrument (S.I.) No.94/1999 in Irish Statute Book